The course will tackle the genesis and the transformation of the European modern state, by taking into consideration the analysis on sovereignty and international relations developed by Carl Schmitt in his masterpiece “Nomos of the Earth” (1950). The aim of the course is to focus on the overall structure of the European Westphalian state-system as jus publicum europaeum (1648-1945), as well as on the nation-building process. Different historical traditions of constitutionalism (France, England and USA) and the relation between the constitutional structures and governments will be considered, as well as the World-System Analysis concerning the rise of the interstate-system, sovereign nation-states and colonies. The last part of the course will be devoted to the EU integration process, making a comparison between the classical Westphalian model and the multilevel and functional governance of the EU, taking into account the first European communities, the origin of Internal Market and the idea of “shared sovereignty” (1951-1957).

The course will be structured in two modules. After the introduction of the comparative approach in history, the “global linear thinking” and the World-System Analysis, the first part is focused on the Westphalian period; in the second part the crisis of the liberal model and the search for new governmental patterns in the Twentieth Century Europe will be analysed.

The course is hold every week, according to the academic calendar. Every week consists of 2 hours of lecture and 2 hours of discussion. The discussion includes work-in-group sessions. Each discussion is related to the weekly lecture and the readings needed will be always provided a week in advance.